IEA, which counts the U.S., Japan and Germany as members, is opening up to emerging economies for the first time since it was founded four decades back, after the first oil crisis, as a grouping of industrialised economies. With just over half of the world's energy consumption taking place outside the IEA region, the agency is courting developing nations for data sharing and more co-ordination over the release of emergency crude oil stocks held by its member countries. But new associated countries are not obliged to hold the equivalent of 90 days of crude oil imports that industrialised countries maintain as emergency reserves.
As full member, India will have to meet eligibility criteria, including maintaining emergency oil reserves equivalent to at least 90 days of net imports. New Delhi is building strategic storages to meet crude oil demand for 11-12 days and if the storages at the refineries and depots are counted, it has about 74 days of additional stocks.
Pradhan said India has its aspirational needs and they will be weighed before a decision is made. Earlier speaking at a workshop on the India Energy Outlook, Birol said, "India is in the middle of profound transformation that will take it to the centre stage of the world energy market." India is the third-largest energy consumer after China and the U.S. "Its energy use will continue to increase but rate of growth and how to fund it are far from certain."
The nation of 125 crore people needs "$100 billion each year" to fund growing energy needs, he said. Two-third of this investment will be needed in putting up new capacities in the power sector as well as transmission lines and distribution grids. The remaining would be for oil and gas fields and associated infrastructure, he added.