The 2013-2014 Global Fraud Report (GFR), released here, was commissioned by Kroll with the Economic Intelligence Unit of more than 900 senior executives worldwide, including 51 from India.
As high as 71 percent of those surveyed in India said their exposure to fraud has increased, compared to 67 percent last year. The GFR found that 69 percent of Indian companies continue to be hit by frauds, experiencing an above average incidence of seven different types of frauds.
Twenty two percent of Indian companies fell victim to internal financial frauds compared to 16 percent worldwide and information theft accounted for 24 percent vis-a-vis 22 percent internationally, according to GFR.
Kroll India chief Reshmi Khurana said that while Indian companies have always operated against the backdrop of a high corruption environment, 37 percent of the respondents acknowledged that their firms have become even more vulnerable to corruption-bribery related frauds. “Fraud and corruption remain top of mind for companies looking to do business in India. Many companies we have been in discussion with are delaying investments in India because and corruption-bribery related risks, vendor and procurement related fraud. This poses a substantial threat to India Inc,” Khurana said. Combined with a tough business environment this implied that companies must continue to create strong and well-organized internal control systems to prevent fraud and develop best practices to tackle them, she added. Insider fraud is particularly rife in India compared to other BRIC countries with 89 percent of (Indian companies) indicating that the perpetrator was some sort of an insider. Sixty-nine percent of the respondents pointed to the involvement of junior employees as the main culprits, far higher than Brazil, Russia and China. Another factor adding to increasing fraud exposure is the high staff turnover, cited by 29 percent of the respondents. This meant that 51 percent of the respondents who said they were not planning to invest in staff background checks would have to reconsider, Khurana said. India has another problem of frauds — as high as 40% — committed by vendors and suppliers in India, and significantly higher than the BRIC countries and the global average of 32 percent.