"This is a sobering reminder that our society has a long way to go before we achieve gender equity,” Jagsi added. The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, showed that the situation reflects a larger societal problem. Women who experience these types of harassment may be less likely to report these incidents if they feel they are unique and aberrational. "We need to recognise the degree to which sexual harassment and gender inequality continue to be an issue in academic medicine," Jagsi noted. Researchers surveyed 1,066 men and women who had received a career development award between 2006-2009 from the National Institutes of Health. The physicians were asked a number of questions about their career experiences, including questions about gender bias, gender advantage and sexual harassment.