Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar are the worst states for women, an analysis of social indicators and demographic data of Indian states reveals. Women in these states are among those who are most likely to be aborted as children, have the lowest literacy rates, marry earliest, die most frequently while pregnant,
Here are eight indicators we considered from the Sample Registration Survey 2014 - released in June 2016 - the Census 2011 and the National Crime Records Bureau. The three states may not do worst in all indicators individually but collectively, they find the most mention. Mean age of females at marriage: Women in West Bengal marry youngest (19.3 years), followed by UP and Rajasthan (19.4 years for both). UP has the largest number of girls married between 10-19 years (2.1 million) in India, followed by West Bengal (1.3 million) and Bihar (1.25 million). One in four women in Rajasthan marries before the legal age of 18.
Being educated helps girls resist early marriage “to a great extent”, revealed a 2013 study conducted by Harvard’s François Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights. Education also correlates with fewer and healthier children and healthier mothers.
Crimes against women: As many as 38,467 crimes against women were registered in UP - one every 15 minutes - followed by West Bengal (38,299) and Rajasthan (31,151). However, when it comes to crime rate-crimes per 100,000 population of women - Delhi has the highest rate (169.6), followed by Assam (123.4) and Rajasthan (91.4). India reports 26 crimes against women every hour, or one complaint every two minutes. Literacy rates: Bihar has India’s lowest female literacy.Rate followed by Rajasthan (52.1 per cent), Jharkhand (55.4 per cent) and UP (56.4 per cent), according to the Census 2011. Child sex ratio:At 834, Haryana has India’s worst child sex ratio, the number of females per thousand males in the age group 0-6, followed by Punjab (846) and Jammu & Kashmir (862). At 888, Rajasthan has India’s fifth-worst child sex ratio. A closer look at the data reveals that two indicators of female emancipation for Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) are worsening. For instance, J&K is among the worst five states in average household size, percentage of households with families of six people or larger, child sex ratio, literacy rate and female work-force participation rate. Of these, the child sex ratio and female work-force participation rate have worsened since 2001, while the other indicators have improved. (In arrangement with IndiaSpend.org, a data-driven, non-profit, public interest journalism platform.)