"These 'good' groups - under Pakistan's calculus - destabilize Afghanistan and threaten neighbouring India," he said. Royce said his Panel "has repeatedly urged Pakistan to take meaningful action against key Islamist terrorist groups operating within its territory." "Unfortunately Pakistan, which is now home to the world's fastest growing nuclear weapons programme, has remained a fount of radical Islamist thought." Royce said he doubted "anyone who follows Pakistan closely was surprised to learn that one of the San Bernardino attackers - Tashfeen Malik - studied at a Pakistani school spreading a particularly conservative message."
Testifying before the panel Richard G. Olson, Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, said while Pakistan has made "significant sacrifices" in its fight against terrorism, "it can also take more steps to put pressure on all terrorist groups in Pakistan."
The US, he said, continued "to press Pakistan to target all militant groups that have safe haven in Pakistan, particularly the Taliban, including the Haqqani Network, and Lashkar-e-Taeba," held responsible for the Nov 26, 2008 Mumbai terror attack.
"We have made it clear to the Pakistanis that these organizations threaten Pakistan, the region, and the panoply of our mutual national security interests, and they must be addressed rigorously," Olson said. It was "also critical that Pakistan improve relations with its other neighbour, India," he said expressing the hope the recent high-level talks between Indian and Pakistani officials "will be used to reduce tensions and increase ties between the two nations."