"Even though only a small number of Indian nationals are believed to have joined the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Indian government closely monitored the domestic threat it and other terrorist organisations posed," it said. India continued to attribute attacks and fatalities in Jammu and Kashmir and against Indian facilities in Afghanistan, to transnational terrorist groups, such as Lashkar e-Taeba (LeT), which the report acknowledged "continued to operate, train, rally, propagandize, and fundraise in Pakistan".
At their September 30 summit, the report noted, Obama and Modi stressed "the need for joint and concerted efforts against networks such as Al Qaeda, LeT, Jaish-e-Mohammed, and the Haqqani Network, and reiterated their call to bring the perpetrators of the November 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai to justice". Modi also joined President Obama in reaffirming "deep concern over the continued threat posed by terrorism, most recently highlighted by the dangers presented by ISIL".
"Given India's large Muslim population, potential socio-religious marginalisation, and active ISIL online propaganda efforts, there remains a risk of increased ISIL recruitment of Indian nationals," the report suggested. Noting that on December 16, India banned Islamic State under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, the report said, the "Indian government officials have raised concerns over the use of social media and the internet to recruit, radicalise, and foment inter-religious tensions".