"Through his work and popular writing Kamal Bawa, has promoted international cooperation in science, while also strengthening biodiversity awareness and public support for conservation in Indian civil society," it said. "I am interested in developing new paradigms of conversation that take into account the need to alleviate poverty in biodiversity-rich areas through sustainable use of biodiversity," said Bawa. Bawa noted that there was considerable debate about the success of integrated conservation and development projects in meeting the twin goals of conservation and poverty reduction.
Work on sustainable livelihoods at several sites in the Eastern Himalayas tests whether conservation and biodiversity can be enhanced while alleviating poverty, he said. His approach is to quantify changes in economic and social parameters resulting from economic and institutional interventions, Bawa said. Data are analysed and findings integrated with results from other similar projects both within and outside South Asia. "Kamal Bawa's election as a fellow of the Royal Society further validates the critical importance of his contributions to and legacy as one of the chief founders of the field of sustainability," said Massachusetts University Chancellor J. Keith Motley.