Given that the Raptor MOU is also in conformity with the provisions of the existing Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, wherein the birds have been accorded protection, India would gain domain knowledge which would be helpful in effectively managing the habitats of these raptors. It would also include concerted trans-boundary efforts for conservation through interaction with other range countries by signing of the MOU with the CMS. Pakistan and Nepal are the other neighbours which are signatories to this MOU.
Raptor MOU was concluded on October 22, 2008 and came into effect on November,1 2008. The Raptor MOU is an agreement under Article IV paragraph 4 of the CMS and is not legally binding.vThe MOU seeks willingness of the signatory range states for working for conservation of the raptor species and their habitats. An action plan has been formulated which primarily envisages the conservation action for raptor species, the statement said.vThe CMS or Bonn Convention, under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) aims to conserve migratory species throughout their range. India had become a party to the CMS since November 1, 1983.vAccording to reports, around nine species of vulture can be found in India but presently most are in danger of extinction. Harriers are slender, long, bare-legged, long-winged and long-tailed hawks and India is the largest wintering ground for harriers in the world but their numbers too are dwindling.